Sexual offences involve
sex without consent, unwanted sexual touching, or being forced to engage
in humiliating sexual activity.
Vulnerability increases -
in dark and deserted
places at night;
if you look vulnerable
(e.g. walking alone in desolate areas);
if you appear
uncertain, for example if you do not know
where you are going;
if you do not lock
your car doors and close your windows;
if you talk to
if you stop for
stranded vehicles or people; or
if your vehicle is
faulty and you have to stop for help.
Be aware of your
Be alert at traffic
lights and stop streets.
Walk close to the curb
and face the on-coming traffic.
Try and keep to
well-lit areas or where there are people.
Do not hitch-hike.
Do not pick up
Keep a whistle with
you - and blow it if you need help.
Do not allow a stranger
into your home - even if he is
delivering something or providing a service.
Ask for an identity document or phone his/her office to
check his/her identity.
Invest in the best locks and security you can afford.
Never tell anyone that you are alone at home - and make
sure the children also know not do so.
Know your neighbours - and together plan ahead for how
you will respond in a crisis.
Know your local police station - and discuss safety matters
with the police.
Become involved with local crime prevention efforts with
the community police forum or police.
On a date
Do not allow anyone to touch you in a way that makes you
be firm and clear and say
Do not leave a party or social event with someone you do
not know or have just met - say NO!
Ask friends for help if someone ignores you when you
Remember: most rape victims know the rapist.
the right to say NO!
In a case of rape
Try not to panic.
Common sense is your best defence.
You can not always defend yourself and your resistance may cause serious injury.
If the attacker is dangerous, cooperate and try to negotiate.
Submission is not consent.
Try and remember what the attacker looks like - his age, race,height, hair colour, scars, tattoos, clothes, voice, jewellery.
Scream, yell, blow your whistle or run away if you
Do not bath or change your clothes after an attack
the evidence so that it can be used by the police for further investigation.
Report the crime to the Police Service straight away: go to the police station or phone
After a rape
Every victim of rape responds differently - but it is likely that you
will benefit from help.
You may feel -
dirty and want to wash repeatedly;
scared and afraid to go out;
that it is your fault and that you are guilty; or
you cannot sleep, have nightmares, cannot eat, cannot
stop crying or that you want to forget it as quickly as possible and get on with your life.
None of these responses are unusual or unnatural
Victim Support programmes, psychologists, counsellors, health care or
social workers, employers, friends, family or church members - ask the
police official dealing with your case to recommend someone to help you.
What happens when you report a rape (or other sexual offences)?
The police official will take your statement. You need not be alone - a
friend or family member can be with you while you make your statement,
as long as he or she is not a potential witness in your case.
If you later feel that your statement is wrong or incomplete, you can
make another statement.
You can make your statement in your own language (if it may be
You have the right to copy your statement. It may sometimes not be
possible to get a copy immediately, but then you will get it later.
The police official will give you a case number and you must use this
number whenever you want information about
If necessary, the investigating officer will make sure you are examined
by an accredited health care worker, who will complete a medical report
and collect medical evidence.
You must make sure that the investigating officer knows how and where to
contact you at all times, including when you move to another location,
but it is a victimís responsibility to notify the police official of any
changes in address.
The investigating officer will let you know -
when the suspect is arrested;
if the suspect is released on bail;
if you need to attend an identification parade;
the date of the trial;
when you will have to give evidence; and
the outcome of the case.
A victim must have the responsible police officialís telephone number so
that he/she knows where to get information about his/her case.
The police investigate the case and then hand it over to a state lawyer
called a prosecutor. The service is free to you.
Both the police official, the investigating officer and the prosecutor
will be able to give you information about
Get a telephone number from the investigating officer so that you know
where to get information about your case.
What can we all do to help?
Join community-based Victim Support initiatives; be trained
as a Volunteer.
Report rape - and help others to report rape.
Do not protect rapists - do not hide them in your home or community -
tell the police about them.
Bring up your boys to be real men - real men respect
women and real men do not rape.
Who can I contact?
|Contact your local police station or :
|SAPS Emergency Services
|SAPS Family Violence,
Child Protection and
Sexual Offences Unit,
Head Office, Pretoria
|SAPS Crime Stop
|Women Abuse Helpline
||0800 150 150
||0800 055 555
||0800 012 322 or
(011) 725 6710
You have the right to say
No-one has the right to
force you into sexual activity, no matter what your relationship with
this person is.
This means no-one can
force you to have sex, or touch you in a sexual way without your
consent, or force you to perform sexual activity you find unpleasant or
Remember - a sexual
assault is NOT your fault.
Issued by: SAPS
Communication and Liaison Services & Crime Prevention Division
Private Bag X94, Pretoria 0001
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